綦江县 隆子县 金阳县 宁河县 景东 仪征市 莱芜市 定远县 奉化市 沙河市 丰原市 长乐市 岫岩 衢州市 游戏 荥经县
您现在的位置:2018年最新新闻网环太平洋茜茜公主
作者:百年不渡  分类:未来幻想  点击:6877次  下载:9951次  大小:70M  日期:2019-08-18

万历十五年_Spring 系列之Spring常用注解总结

标签:孟广美 安卓麻将内购破解

  传统的Spring做法是使用.xml文件来对bean进行注入或者是配置aop、实物,这么做有两个缺点:

1、如果所有的内容都配置在.xml文件中,那么.xml文件将会十分庞大;如果按需求分开.xml文件,那么.xml文件又会非常多。总之这将导致配置文件的可读性与可维护性变得很低。

2、在开发中.java文件和.xml文件之间不断切换,是一件麻烦的事,同时这种思维上的不连贯也会降低开发的效率。

  为了解决这两个问题,Spring引入了注解,通过“@XXX”的方  式,让注解与Java Bean紧密结合,既大大减少了配置文件的体积,又增加了Java Bean的可读性与内聚性。

  不使用注解:

  先看一个不使用注解的Spring示例,在这个示例的基础上,改成注解版本的,这样也能看出使用与不使用注解之间的区别,先定义一个老虎:

package com.spring.model;
public class Tiger{
  private String  tigerName="TigerKing";
  public String toString(){
    return "TigerName:"+tigerName;
  }
}

  再定义一个猴子:

package com.spring.model;
public class Monkey{
    private String monkeyName="MonkeyKing";
    public String toString(){
       return "MonkeyName:"+monkeyName;   
  }
}    

  定义一个动物园:

package com.spring.model;
public class Zoo{
    private  Tiger tiger;
    private Monkey monkey;
    
    public Tiger getTiger(){
       return tiger;
     } 
    public void setTiger(Tiger tiger){
        this.tiger=tiger;
     }
    public Monkey getMonkey(){
        return monkey;
     }
    public void setMonkey(Monkey monkey){
        this.monkey=monkey;
    }
     public String toString(){
         return tiger+"
"+monkey;
    }
}

  spring的配置文件这么写:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org.mengfinancial.cn/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/p"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn河神_2018年最新新闻网/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schem杉杉来了_2018年最新新闻网a/context
    http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
    ">
    
     <bean id="zoo" class="com.spring.model.Zoo" >
        <property name="tiger" ref="tiger" />
        <property name="monkey" ref="monkey" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="tiger" class="com.spring.model.Tiger" />
    <bean id="monkey" class="com.spring.model.Monkey" />

</beans>

  测试方法:

public class TestAnnotation{
  /**
    *不使用注解
    */  
    @Test
   public void test(){
      //读取配置文件
      ApplicationContext ctx=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext2.xml");
      Zoo zoo=(Zoo) ctx.getBean("zoo");
     System.out.print(zoo.toString());
  }
}

  都很熟悉,权当复习一遍了。

  1、@AutoWired

  @Autowired顾名思义,就是自动装配,其作用是为了消除Java代码里面的getter/setter与bean属性中的property。当然,getter看个人需求,如果私有属性需要对外提供的话,应当予以保留。@Autowirred默认按类型匹配的方式,在容器查找匹配的Bean,当且仅有一个匹配的Bean时,Spring将其注入@AutoWired标注的变量中。

  因此,引入@AutoWired注解,先看下Spring配置文件怎么写:

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2 <beans
 3     xmlns="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans"
 4     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org.mengfinancial.cn/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 5     xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/p"
 6     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context"
 7     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans
 8     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
 9     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context
10     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
11     ">
12     
13     <context:component-scan base-package="com.spring"/>
14     
15     <bean id="zoo" class="com.spring.model.Zoo" />
16     <bean id="tiger" class="com.spring.model.Tiger" />
17     <bean id="monkey" class="com.spring.model.Monkey" />
18 
19 </beans>

  注意第13行,使用必须告诉spring一下我要使用注解了,<context:component-scan base-package="XXX"/>是一种简单的,spring会自动扫描xxx路径下的注解。

  看到第15行,原来zoo里面应当注入两个属性tigger、monkey,现在不需要注入了。再看下,Zoo.java也很方便,把getter/setter都可以去掉:

package com.spring.model;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public class Zoo{
    @Autowired
    private Tiger tiger;
@Autowired
private Monkey monkey;
public String toString(){ return tiger+" "+monkey; } }

  这里@Autowired注解的意思就是,当Spring发现@Autowired注解时,将自动在代码上下文中找到和其匹配(默认是类型匹配)的Bean,并自动注入到相应的地方去。

  有一个细节性的问题是,假如bean里面有两个property,Zoo.java里面又去掉了属性的getter/setter并使用@Autowired注解标注这两个属性那会怎么样?答案是Spring会按照xml优先的原则去Zoo.java中寻找这两个属性的getter/setter,导致的结果就是初始化bean报错。

  OK,假设此时我把.xml文件的16行、17行两行给去掉,再运行,会抛出异常:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name "zoo": Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.spring.model.Tiger com.spring.model.Zoo.tiger; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No matching bean of type [com.spring.model.Tiger] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:285)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1074)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:288)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:190)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:580)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:895)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:425)
    at org.springframework.context.suppor半泽直树_2018年最新新闻网t.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139)
    at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83)
    at com.spring.test.TestAnnotation.test(TestAnnotation.java:16)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:45)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:42)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:20)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:263)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:68)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:47)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:231)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:60)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:229)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:50)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:222)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:300)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:45)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:460)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:673)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:386)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:196)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.spring.model.Tiger com.spring.model.Zoo.tiger; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No matching bean of type [com.spring.model.Tiger] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnn步步惊心_2018年最新新闻网otationBeanPostProcessor.java:502)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:84)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:282)
    ... 36 more
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No matching bean of type [com.spring.model.Tiger] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.raiseNoSuchBeanDefinitionException(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:920)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:789)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:703)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:474)
    ... 38 more

  因为,@Autowired注解要去寻找的是一个Bean,Tiger和Monkey的Bean定义都给去掉了,自然就不是一个Bean了,Spring容器找不到也很好理解。那么,如果属性找不到我不想让Spring容器抛出异常,而就是显示null,可以吗?可以的,其实异常信息里面也给出了提示了,就是将@Autowired注解的required属性设置为false即可:

package com.spring.model;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public class Zoo {
    
    @Autowired(required=false)
    private Tiger tiger;
    
    @Autowired(required=false)
    private Monkey monkey;
    
    public String toString(){
        return tiger + "
" + monkey;
    }
    
}

此时,找不到tiger、monkey两个属性,Spring容器不再抛出异常而是认为这两个属性为null。

2、Qualifier(指定注入Bean的名称)

  如果容器中有一个以上匹配的Bean,则可以通过@Qualifier注解限定Bean的名称,看下面的例子:

定义一个Car接口:

package com.spring.service;

public interface ICar {
    
    public String getCarName();
}

  两个实现类BMWCar和BenzCar:

package com.spring.service.impl;

import com.spring.service.ICar;

public class BMWCar implements ICar{
    
    public String getCarName(){
        return "BMW car";
    }
}
package com.spring.service.impl;

import com.spring.service.ICar;

public class BenzCar implements ICar{
    
    public String getCarName(){
        return "Benz car";
    }
}

  再写一个CarFactory,引用car(这里先不用@Qualifier注解):

package com.spring.model;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

import com.spring.service.ICar;

public class CarFactory {
    
    @Autowired
    private ICar car;
    
    public String toString(){
        return car.getCarName();
    }
    
}

  配置文件:

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2 <beans
 3     xmlns="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans"
 4     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org.mengfinancial.cn/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 5     xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/p"
 6     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context"
 7     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans
 8     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
 9     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context
10     http://www.springframework.org.mengfinancial.cn/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
11     ">
12     
13     <context:component-scan base-package="com.spring" />
14     
15     <!-- Autowired注解配合Qualifier注解 -->
16     <bean id="carFactory" class="com.spring.model.CarFactory" />
17     <bean id="bmwCar" class="com.spring.service.impl.BMWCar" />
18     <bean id="benz" class="com.spring.service.impl.BenzCar" />
19     
20 </beans>

  测试方法:

/**
 * Autowired注解配合Qualifier注解
 */
@Test
public void test1(){
    //读取配置文件
    ApplicationContext ctx=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext2.xml");
    CarFactory carFactory=(CarFactory) ctx.getBean("carFactory");
    System.out.println(carFactory.toString());
}

  运行一下,不用说,一定是报错的,Car接口有两个实现类,Spring并不知道应当引用哪个实现类。

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name "carFactory": Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: 
Could not autowire field: private com.spring.service.ICar com.spring.model.CarFactory.car; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException:
No unique bean of type [com.spring.service.ICar] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: [bmwCar, benz]
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:285)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1074)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:288)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:190)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:580)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:895)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:425)
    at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:139)
    at org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.<init>(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.java:83)
    at com.spring.test.TestAnnotation.test1(TestAnnotation.java:25)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAc特搜战队刑事连者_2018年最新新闻网cessorImpl.java:25)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:45)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:15)
    at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:42)
    at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:20)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:263)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:68)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:47)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:231)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:60)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:229)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:50)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:222)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:300)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:45)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.Rem杨澜访谈录_2018年最新新闻网oteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:460)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:673)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:386)
    at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:196)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private com.spring.service.ICar com.spring.model.CarFactory.car; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No unique bean of type [com.spring.service.ICar] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: [bmwCar, benz]
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:502)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:84)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:282)
    ... 36 more
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No unique bean of type [com.spring.service.ICar] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: [bmwCar, benz]
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.doResolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:796)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.resolveDependency(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:703)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$AutowiredFieldElement.inject(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:474)
    ... 38 more

出现这种情况通常有两种解决办法:
(1)、在配置文件中删除其中一个实现类,Spring会自动去base-package下寻找Car接口的实现类,发现Car接口只有一个实现类,便会直接引用这个实现类。
(2)、实现类就是有多个该怎么办?此时可以使用@Qualifier注解来指定Bean的名称:

package com.spring.model;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;

import com.spring.service.ICar;

public class CarFactory {
    
    @Autowired
    @Qualifier("bmwCar")
    private ICar car;
    
    public String toString(){
        return car.getCarName();
    }
    
}

此处会注入名为"bmwCar"的Bean。

3、Resource

@Resource注解与@Autowired注解作用非常相似,这个就简单说了,看例子:

package com.spring.model;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

public class Zoo1 {
    
    @Resource(name="tiger")
    private Tiger tiger;
    
    @Resource(type=Monkey.class)
    private Monkey monkey;
    
    public String toString(){
        return tiger + "
" + monkey;
    }
}

这是详细一些的用法,说一下@Resource的装配顺序:
(1)、@Resource后面没有任何内容,默认通过name属性去匹配bean,找不到再按type去匹配
(2)、指定了name或者type则根据指定的类型去匹配bean
(3)、指定了name和type则根据指定的name和type去匹配bean,任何一个不匹配都将报错

然后,区分一下@Autowired和@Resource两个注解的区别:
(1)、@Autowired默认按照byType方式进行bean匹配,@Resource默认按照byName方式进行bean匹配
(2)、@Autowired是Spring的注解,@Resource是J2EE的注解,这个看一下导入注解的时候这两个注解的包名就一清二楚了
Spring属于第三方的,J2EE是Java自己的东西,因此,建议使用@Resource注解,以减少代码和Spring之间的耦合。

当前文章:http://isyhq02e-chulimo-com.mengfinancial.cn/e8v8q/a9a5c_153786.html

发布时间:2019-08-18 00:47:24

银河娱乐官网yh163am.com  银河优越会下载  澳门银河官网yh163am.com  澳门银河yh7788.bet  澳门银河手机网站  银河娱乐手机版yh163am.com停车杆砸人致死 家属索赔161万元  澳门银河2949所有网址  澳门银河yh7788.bet  澳门银河有正规平台吗  澳门银河手机网站福建霞浦渔船失事致1人失联  

您可能还对以下电子书感兴趣

万历十五年TXT下载声明:

1 2018年最新新闻网免费提供的万历十五年,均由网友上传,供下载测试之用,不作商业用途,下载后请二十四小时后删除!

2 我们根据txt小说全文所整理出万历十五年txt电子书全集免费下载,由程序自动生成万历十五年txt下载文件。

3 书友所发表的txt小说万历十五年的相关评论,并不代表本站赞同万历十五年txt下载或者支持万历十五年的读者观点。

4 如果发现小说《万历十五年txt全集》无法下载未及时更新请联系我们。如果您喜欢万历十五年txt电子书,请支持作者到书店购买正版图书。感谢您的合作与支持。

5 好看的小说